The Gatorade Sports Science Institute is a non-profit organization devoted to the promotion of sports science research and education Can athletic success be inherited.
Historically, elite athletes have been produced whose parents and even grandparents were also outstanding athletes, and this is well known. Aside from that, racehorse owners spend millions of dollars on stud fees in order to breed champions. In other words, champions are created rather than born. If you don’t have the champion gene, you’ll never be able to attain genuine success, no matter how hard you work. In other words, if your parents were not champions in their respective sports, it is reasonable to conclude that you are wasting your time by participating in yours. After all, if racehorses developed for performance can be bred to be champions in the first place, why aren’t all of them champions in the first place? The reason for this is that, in addition to genetics, there are other factors that influence one’s capacity to perform effectively in a certain situation.
Genes Have a Greater or Less Influence on the Environment
Many anatomical and functional characteristics that are critical in determining sports performance are unquestionably influenced by our genetic makeup. The reality is that there is no getting around it. Having the gene for height is required to be a successful center in the National Basketball Association, just to mention a few instances. Diet, exercise, and other environmental factors, on the other hand, have a substantial influence on how your genetic potential presents itself in other aspects of your personality and character. For example, you may have the genetic potential for low body weight, but overeating and inadequate exercise may cause the genetic message to be overridden, resulting in you being overweight while having the genetic potential. Consequently, genes have a substantial role in the development of certain features, such as height, whilst other qualities, such as abdominal girth, are less strongly controlled by genes and are more likely to be influenced by environmental variables. Table 1 depicts a number of morphological, functional, and performance characteristics of the body, as well as the degree to which they are generally influenced by genetic factors. In contrast to traits like strength and flexibility, which are heavily influenced by genes, it is probable that training, food, and other environmental variables will have a stronger impact on the development of characteristics such as balance, response speed, and precision of movements. The genes, on the other hand, have only a little impact on balance, response speed, and the precision of motions.